CRITICAL THINKING - Fundamentals: Introduction to Critical Thinking [HD]

Sign of the Times...Critical Thinkers Group. -

Geoff Pynn (Northern Illinois University) gets you started on the critical thinking journey. He tells you what critical thinking is, what an argument is, and what the difference between a deductive and an ampliative argument is.

WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?:

DEDUCTIVE ARGUMENTS GUARANTEE THEIR CONCLUSIONS
AMPLIATIVE ARGUMENTS MAKE THEIR CONCLUSIONS PROBABLE

1. Critical Thinking Is Making sure We Have Good Reasons For Our Beliefs.
2. Good Reasons Make the Belief Probable.
3. An Argument Is A Set Of Statements Called Premises.
4. Premises comprise a reason for Believing a Conclusion.
6. In A Good Argument the Premises Support The Conclusion.